Funding for French-German quantum technology research project
08.11.2022 - In a project funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), a team of researchers aims to solve the challenges of effective equations in quantum technology.
Sören Petrat, professor of mathematics at Jacobs University Bremen, is scientific coordinator of the project on the German side. The German-French team investigates ways to control entanglement, because it causes the equations describing realistic quantum systems to become far too complicated to solve analytically or numerically. Simpler, so-called effective equations provide a remedy. “If I want to describe a gas or simply the air in a room, I'm usually not interested in the motion of each individual atom. Instead, I'm interested in quantities like temperature, pressure, or volume. These are all examples of effective quantities,” Petrat puts it into simple words.
In the research project, the team is mathematically investigating ultracold gases near the absolute zero of minus 273.15 degrees Celsius – cold Fermi and Bose gases – whose properties are used in quantum technology. “Our goal is to rigorously derive such effective equations mathematically,” Petrat said. These equations, for example, are indispensable for quantum computers. “For me, this is a very exciting area of research because there is an extreme amount of progress currently coming together in three areas: experimental physics, theoretical physics and mathematics.”
Five scientists from four universities are involved in the research project entitled “Effective approximation and dynamics of many-body quantum systems”. In addition to Sören Petrat, these are Prof Volker Bach, mathematical physicist at TU Braunschweig, and the mathematics professors Sébastien Breteaux and Jérémy Faupin from the Université de Lorraine and Zied Ammari from the Université de Rennes. “We are very pleased to be able to continue the long and successful Franco-German collaboration on this topic with this funding,” Petrat said.
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