JMU appoints expert in x-ray quantum optics
Würzburg as the current highlight of an excellent career
The professorship was newly established at Julius-Maximilians-Universität (JMU) Würzburg in the cluster Complexity and Topology in Quantum Matter. Pálffy-Buß is an expert in the new research field of X-ray quantum optics, which uses extremely short-wave x-ray radiation instead of visible light to study the tiniest particles. This could become relevant for non-destructive imaging techniques and makes a decisive contribution to basic research in quantum physics.
A research approach of the Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat is dedicated to the possibility of using photons for data communication. So far, the Würzburg quantum optics experts of ct.qmat have focused on the interaction of light and electrons. Electrons are small particles that form the shell of atomic nuclei. In information transmission, every material – whether chip, internet cable or sensor – in turn consists of regularly arranged atoms, the atomic lattice. For their experiments, the researchers use visible light with wavelengths between 0.4 and 0.8 micrometers. The quantum effects that result from the interaction between the photons and these materials or their atomic lattices are the focus of interest of the Würzburg-Dresden cluster of excellence ct.qmat.
“I am pleased that we can expand the research area of quantum optics in Würzburg into the field of X-ray physics together with Adriana Pálffy-Buß. With her, we have gained a renowned expert in light-matter interaction who will continue our Würzburg x-ray tradition – and in a completely new quantum direction. The quantum properties of the X-ray photons themselves are in focus and we hope for innovative as well as original perspectives and research approaches,” emphasizes Würzburg cluster spokesperson Ralph Claessen, professor of experimental physics at JMU Würzburg. The x-ray tradition at the Würzburg location goes back a long way, since it was at the local university that Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered the radiation that was later named after him.
Pálffy-Buß has developed theoretical models for the interaction of light and matter that focus on the atomic nucleus itself instead of the electrons. To do this, she uses x-rays instead of visible laser light. This is because high-energy light quanta are needed to study the behavior and structure of atomic nuclei. While the electrons of the atomic shell are excited by optical laser light, x-ray photons with up to 150,000 times greater energy are needed to excite atomic nuclei.
At the center of the still new field of X-ray quantum optics are the effects that arise in the atomic nucleus through interaction with X-rays. The interaction of X-ray photons with atomic nuclei could open up new possibilities for material research: “Perhaps X-ray photons could be used for information transport in the future, or new applications such as X-ray lasers could emerge,” says Claessen.
In 2019, Adriana Pálffy-Buß received the Röntgen Prize of the Justus Liebig University Giessen and the Hertha Sponer Prize of the German Physical Society for her theoretical models of x-ray quantum optics. Her theoretical considerations on the strong coupling of x-rays and atomic nuclei were experimentally confirmed.
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+49 931 31 80935